• LI Meishuan
    Title:Professor Email: mshli@imr.ac.cn
    Tel. : +86-24-23971145 FAX: 024-23891320
    Division: High-performance Ceramics Division, Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science
    Address: High-performance Ceramics Division, Institute of Metal Research Chinese Academy of Sciences (IMR CAS), 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang, China, 110016



1981.9-1985.6, B.S., Department of Physics, Inner Mongolia University, Huhhot

1985.9-1988.7, M.S., Institute of Corrosion and Protection of Metals (ICPM), CAS, Shenyang

1988.9-1991.6, Ph. D., Institute of Metal Research (IMR), CAS, Shenyang


1991.07-1995.12, Assistant Professor/Associated Professor, State Key Lab. for Corrosion and Protection, ICPM

1995.12–2003.06, Professor, State Key Lab. for Corrosion and Protection, ICPM/IMR

2003.06–present, High Performance Ceramic Division, Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, IMR

1994.01-1995.01, Visiting scholar, Division of Materials Metrology, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, U.K.

1997.11-1998.05, Asia 2000 foundation visiting fellow, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Research Interest:

High /ultra-high temperature oxidation and protective coatings

Functional ceramic coatings

High temperature chemical stability of layered ternary compounds

Attack effects of atomic oxygen on space materials and protective techniques

Research Achievement:

(1) Two novel techniques for ultra-high temperature oxidation test in controlled atmosphere and for mechanical property determination in thermal-load-oxygen complex environment

An ultra-high temperature oxidation testing facility with controllable atmosphere was developed in our laboratory. It enables a maximum heating temperature of 3000oC±20oC with the duration up to 3000s for the testing of C/C composite samples. The total pressure and the oxygen partial pressure of the atmosphere are adjustable in the range of 10~105Pa. The air flow speed is also adjustable in the range of 10~210m3/h. During oxidation testing, the linear changes of the samples are monitored and measured in situ with an accuracy of 0.01mm. This facility provides both the theoretical and engineering supports for the characterization and evaluation of the anti-ablative or non-ablative thermal protection systems.

By combining induction heating technique and universal materials tester, our group has established a mechanical testing system in the controlled thermal-load-oxygen complex environments. By utilizing this testing system, the tensile, compress or shear strengths of thermo-structural composites exposed in oxidizing environments for certain time can be determined, and the oxidation performance at ultra-high temperature (higher than 1600oC ) and applied loading also can be tested.

(2) Low-temperature high-efficient deposition of MAX-phases coatings

The high-efficient depositions of MAX-phases coatings have been achieved at room temperature by using arc ion plating technique. The as-deposed coatings are amorphous, they transform to crystal structure by post crystallization treatment. Compared with widely employed magnetron sputtering, this method has a series of advantages, such as higher deposition efficiency, lower deposition temperature and better coating adhesion. Then, single target of MAX phase is replaced with single simply heat-pressed target of M, A, X elements (no MAX phase), crystal MAX coatings also can be obtained. In this way, the cost of coating preparation becomes much low, and the depositions of the coatings are adjusted easily. Up to now, Cr2AlC and Ti3SiC2 have been deposited successfully. Especially, Cr2AlC possesses excellent oxidation resistance, has a great potential in applications of high temperature protective coatings.

(3) Nb doped Ti3SiC2 - a novel interconnect material of solid oxide fuel cell

Ti3SiC2, belonging to the family of MAX phases, exhibits low density, high modulus and fracture toughness, high electrical and thermal conductivity, easy machinability, good resistance to oxidation and thermal shock below 1100oCand matched thermal expansion coefficient with yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte, which endows it a promising interconnect material for intermediate temperature-solid oxide fuel cell (IT-SOFC). Nb doping can remarkably improve the oxidation resistance of Ti3SiC2 at 600-800oC in air. Meanwhile, after oxidation at 800oC in air for 500 h, the area special resistance (ASR) of Nb doped Ti3SiC2 is determined to be 80 mΩ·cm2. Especially, for this ceramic there is no Cr or other element volatilization problem that blocks the development of SOFC interconnects. Thus, this ceramic has a great potential for application of interconnect in IT-SOFC

Service to the International Professional Societies:



[1] XiaohuiYin, Meishuan Li, Jingjun Xu, Jie Zhang, Yanchun Zhou, Direct diffusion bonding of Ti3SiC2 and Ti3AlC2, Materials Research bulletin, 44(2009)1379-1384

[2] QIAN Yu-hai, LI Mei-shuan, LU Bin, Isothermal oxidation behavior of Ti3Al-based alloy at 700 −1 000℃ in air, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 19(2009)525-529

[3] Ziqi Sun, Meishuan Li, Yanchun Zhou, Thermal properties of single-phase Y2SiO5, J. Euro. Ceram. Soc., 29(4)(2009)551-557

[4] Ziqi Sun, Ling Wu, Meishuan Li, Yanchun Zhou, Tribological properties of γ-Y2Si2O7 ceramic against AISI 52100 steel and Si3N4 ceramic counterparts, Wear, 266(9-10)(2009)960-967

[5] Longfei Hu, Meishuan Li, Caihong Xu, Yongming Luo, Yanchun Zhou, A polysilazane coating protecting polyimide from atomic oxygen and vacuum ultraviolet radiation erosion, Surface and Coatings Technology, 203(2009)3338-3343

[6] Longfei Hu, Meishuan Li, Yanchun Zhou, Effects of Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation on Atomic Oxygen Erosion of Polysiloxane/SiO2 Hybrid Coatings, J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 25(4)(2009)483-488

[7] L.F. He, Y.W. Bao, J.Y. Wang, M.S. Li, Y.C. Zhou. Mechanical and thermophysical properties of Zr-Al-Si-C ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc.. 92(2)(2009) 445-451.

[8] L.F. He, H.B. Zhong, J.J. Xu, M.S. Li, Y.W. Bao, J.Y. Wang, Y.C. Zhou. Ultrahigh temperature oxidation of Zr2Al3C4 via rapid induction heating. Scripta Mater.. 60(2009) 547-550.

[9] L.F. He, Y.W. Bao, J.Y. Wang, M.S. Li, Y.C. Zhou. Microstructure, mechanical and thermal properties of ternary carbides in Hf-Al-C system. Acta Mater.. 57(2009) 2765-2774.

[10] T.Liao, J.Y.Wang, M.S.Li, Y.C.Zhou, First-principles study of oxygen incorporation and migration mechanisms in Ti2AlC, J. Mater. Res., 24(10)(2009) 3190-3196

[11] Z. Q. Sun, X. W. Zhu, Y. C. Zhou, M. S. Li, Y. Sakka, Hydrolysis and dispersion properties of aqueous γ-Y2Si2O7 suspension, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 92(1)(2009)54-61

[12] A.J.Li, C.H.Hu, M.S.Li, Y.C.Zhou, Joining of Ti-Al-C ceramics by oxidation at low oxygen partial pressure, J. Euro. Ceram. Soc., 29(12)(2009)2619-2625

[13] Sun, ZQ, Li, MS, Hu, LF, Lu, XP, Zhou, YC, Surface Chemistry, Dispersion Behavior, and Slip Casting of Ti3AlC2 Suspensions, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 92(8)(2009)1695-1702

[14] Meishuan Li, Chao Li, Jingjing Li, Yanchun Zhou, Oxidation Behavior of a Ti3AlC2/TiB2 composite at 1000°C~1400°C in air, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 93 (2)(2010)554–560

[15] J.J. Li, L.F. Hu, F.Z. Li, M.S. Li, Y.C. Zhou, Variation of microstructure and composition of the Cr2AlC coating prepared by sputtering at 370 and 500°C, Surf. Coat. Technol., 204 (2010) 3838–3845

[16] Jing-Jun XU, Mei-Shuan LI, Xue-Liang FANG, Zhong-Wei ZHANG, Zheng-Hui XU, Jun-Shan WANG, A novel ultra-high temperature oxidation technique in flowing gas with controlled oxygen partial pressure, Frontiers of Materials Science in China, 4(3)(2010)266-270

[17] Zhu, M; Li, MS; Xu, JJ, Zhou YC, Short-term oxidation and hot corrosion resistance of a gradient CrN/Cr1-xAlxN coating, Materials and Corrosion – Werkstoffe und Korrosion, 61(11)(2010) 939-946

[18] He, LF, Li, JJ, Nian, HQ, Wang, XH, Bao, YW, Li, MS, Wang, JY, Zhou, YC, Oxidation Behavior of Ternary Carbide Ceramics in Hf-Al-C System in Air, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 93(10)(2010)3427-3431

[19] Hu, CF, He, LF, Li, FZ, Wu, L,Wang, JY, Li, MS, Bao, YW, Zhou, YC, In situ Reaction Synthesis and Mechanical Properties of TaC-TaSi(2) Composites, International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology, 7(6)(2010)697-703

[20] L.F. Hu, M.S. Li, J.J. Xu, and Y.C. Zhou, Vacuum ultraviolet/atomic oxygen erosion resistance of amorphous Si0.26C0.43N0.31 coating, Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, 48(3)(2011)507-512

[21] Li-Li Zheng, Lu-Chao Sun, Mei-Shuan Li, Yan-Chun Zhou, Improving the high-temperature oxidation resistance of Ti3(SiAl)C2 by Nb-doping, J. Am. Cera. Soc., 49(10)(2011)3579-3586

[22] J.J. Li, M.S. Li, H.M. Xiang, X.P. Lu and Y.C. Zhou, Short-term oxidation resistance and degradation of Cr2AlC coating on M38G superalloy at 900 - 1100oC, Corrosion Science, 53(11)(2011)3813-3820

[23] Longfei Hu, Meishuan Li, Caihong Xu, Yongming Luo, Perhydropolysilazane derived silica coating protecting Kapton from atomic oxygen attack, Thin Solid Films, 520(3)(2011)1063-1068

[24] L.L. Zheng, J.J. Li, M.S. Li, and Y.C. Zhou, Investigation on the properties of Nb and Al doped Ti3SiC2 as a new interconnect material for IT-SOFC, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 37(1)(2012)1084-1088

[25] Duanyang Li, Meishuan Li, Preparation of Porous Alumina Ceramic with Ultra-high Porosity and Long Straight Pores by Freeze Casting, Journal of Porous Materials, 19(2012)345-349

[26] Duanyang Li, Meishuan Li, Porous Y2SiO5 Ceramic with Low Thermal Conductivity, Journal of Materials Science and Technology, 28(9)(2012)799-802

[27] J.J. Li, Y.H. Qian, D.Niu, M.M. Zhang, Z.M. Liu, M.S. Li, Phase formation and microstructure evolution of arc ion deposited Cr2AlC coating after heat treatment, Applied Surface Science, 263(2012)457-464

[28] Yuhai Qian, Dun Niu, Jingjun Xu, Meishuan Li, The influence of chromium content on the electrochemical behaviour of weathering steels, Corrosion Science, 71(2013)72-77

[29] Zeng-Hua Gao, Jing-Jun Xu, Zhong-Wei Zhang, Yu-Hai Qian, Mei-Shuan Li, Effects of ZrB2 and SiC dual addition on the oxidation resistance of graphite at 1600-2000oC, Corrosion Science, 76(2013)182-191

[30] Yuhai Qian, Chaohui Ma, Dun Niu, Jingjun Xu, Meishuan Li, Influence of alloyed chromium on the atmospheric corrosion resistance of weathering steels, Corrosion Science, 74(2013)424-429

[31] Zeng-Hua Gao, Jing-Jun Xu, Yu-Hai Qian, Mei-Shuan Li, Effects of surface temperature, flow velocity and ambient pressure on the oxidation of graphite at 1400-2000oC in O2, Corrosion Science, 78(2014)269-275

[32] Zhimou Liu, Erdong Wu, Jiemin Wang, Yuhai Qian, Huimin Xiang, Xichao Li, Qianqian Jin, Guangai Sun, Xiping Chen, Jingyang Wang, Meishuan Li, Crystal structure and formation mechanism of (Cr2/3Ti1/3)3AlC2 MAX phase, Acta Mater., 73(2014)186-193

[33] Zhimou Liu, Liya Zheng, Luchao Sun, Yuhai Qian, Jingyang Wang, Meishuan Li, (Cr2/3Ti1/3)3AlC2 and (Cr5/8Ti3/8)4AlC3: new MAX-phase compounds in Ti-Cr-Al-C system, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 97(1)(2014)67-69

[34] Zhongwei Zhang, Cewen Nan, Jingjun Xu, Zenghua Gao, Meishuan Li, Junshan Wang, Oxidation behaviors of a C-ZrB2-SiC composite at 2100oC in air and O2, Journal of Materials Science and Technology, 30(12)(2014)1223-1229